An Ultimate Guide On Caring For Your Pond!

Installing a fish pond in the backyard can enhance the aesthetic appearance of your home. However, you need to take good care of your fish pond by consistently maintaining them. It is always better to maintain them regularly rather than doing a massive clean every year.

During each season, you will have to use different ways to clean and maintain the pond, which will highly depend on the place where you live. If you are facing difficulties in caring for your pond, then check out this ultimate guide on pond caring. The below-mentioned tips will help you to enjoy your backyard pond with as little efforts as possible in its maintenance.

Maintaining The Pond:

fish pond

  • Cleaning The Pump’s Filters: Most of the filters require cleaning at least once in a week. You need to follow the manufacturer’s instructions while cleaning the filters. If you do not clean the filters regularly then your pond will become dirty. Also, if you notice leaking or noisy filters, then probably it is time to clean them well or change them completely!
  • Cleaning Manually: Cleaning the pond manually is the cheapest method that you could use. However, it is even the most time-consuming task! You will have to remove leaves and twigs floating on the water. Also, remove algae every day. To clean the bottom of the pond, you will have to use a pond vacuum or a wet vacuum, which can be purchased from the local home improvement stores or online shops.
  • Feeding Your Fishes: Ensure that you feed good quality food to your fishes. Taking care of your fishes is very important. They should be fed at the right time and in the right quantity. Good quality food for fishes will ensure that the food is digested properly and your fishes produce less waste. Thus, it will prevent the growth of algae. You should check for food floating on the surface after 15-20 minutes of feeding the fishes. If you see bits of food floating on the surface of the water, then it means that you are over-feeding your fishes. Ensure that there is no excess food floating on the water.

Using Organic Products For Keeping The Pond Clean:

fountain in pond

  • Biological Filter: Organic products such as a biological filter will help in keeping your pond clean. The biological filter makes use of bacteria to eliminate organic waste that can build up in your pond. You can either select an external filter or an in-pond filter. However, cleaning an exterior filter is much easier than cleaning an in-pond filter. The only disadvantage of external filters is that they are usually designed for pools, so finding one for a pond will require some efforts. Before purchasing one, you need to check the speed of the pump and compare it will the volume of your pond. Ensure that you buy a filter that can clean the entire pond within two hours.
  • Adding Barley Straw: By adding barley straw to your pond, you will prevent algae from growing. This is because barley straw decomposes and releases a chemical. A single bunch of barley straw will help you in treating 1,000 gallons of water. Another option is to add liquid barley straw for treating your pond. Barley straws are extremely safe for fishes, so you can use them without any worries. You can purchase them from your local gardening shops.
  • Adding Plants: Both submerged plants and floating plants work efficiently to keep the pond clean and preventing the growth of algae. Some common plants that you can consider growing in your pond are lotus, water lilies, hornwort, etc. These plants compete for the same nutrients, salts, and minerals that are used by algae. So, they help in controlling the growth of algae.

Artificial Methods For Cleaning Ponds:

pond fountain

  • Using Water Treatments: These are chemical formulas that help in preventing and removing algae. Most of the water treatments are safe to use for fishes. However, it is important to read and follow manufacturer’s instructions while using them for your pond. Water treatments have to be performed periodically. So, whenever you notice algae forming in your pond, make use of this formula.
  • Using Gypsum: Gypsum or Calcium Sulfate helps in cleaning the sludge that builds up at the floor of the pond. This chemical is safe to use for ponds with fishes and can be easily purchased from the local gardening shop. Using Gypsum is very easy, as you just need to sprinkle it evenly across the surface of the pond. Ensure that you sprinkle the exact amount of Calcium Sulfate depending on the area of your pond.
  • Add A Fountain: A waterfall or fountain to your pond will keep the water moving; thus, reducing the formation of algae and grime. However, ensure that water does not get wasted and it returns back to the pond. Depending on the depth of your pond, you need to install an appropriate fountain.

Deep Cleaning Of The Pond:

pond cleaning

  • Emptying The Pond: Each year you must empty the entire pond for cleaning it properly. However, if you notice plenty of dead leaves and lot of dirt at the bottom of the pond occasionally, then the only way to clean it is by removing the entire water. To pump the water out of the pond, you can rent a water pump or buy one from the local home-improvement stores. Make sure that you check the water pump has a long and extended hose so that the pump reaches up to the depth of the pond. You may even consider directing the water from the pond to the garden so that it is not wasted.
  • Removing The Fishes: Once you have removed almost half of the water from the pond, you need to begin transferring your fishes. Remove the fishes carefully from the pond by using a fish net. Ensure that you keep the fishes safely in a huge tub that has been filled with pond water. You fishes can be kept safely in the tub until the pond cleaning process is over. You can even consider keeping a net over the tub holding your fishes so that they do not jump out.
  • Cleaning The Pond: Once you have completely removed water and fishes from the pond, you need to clean it well. Remove the dead aquatic plants from the pond and discard them. Plants that are surviving can be kept in a huge tank and shifted back to the pond, once it is cleaned entirely. You can make use of a pressurized water gun for cleaning the bottom of the pond. Do not make use of bleach or any other toxic chemicals for cleaning it.
  • Refilling The Pond: Once it has been cleaned properly, refill the pond with fresh water. Do not forget to add a de-chlorinating chemical to the water. This chemical will remove the content of chlorine that is present in the water, which comes out of the hose. Chlorine can kill fishes, so adding the chemical is very important. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions while using de-chlorinators. Replace the surviving plants and some more new plants in the pond. Fishes may not get adjusted easily to the fresh water. So, you need to keep adding fresh water from the pond into their tub. Keep doing it every 5 minutes for about 30 minutes. Then, replace the fishes carefully back in the clean pond.


Now that you know how to take care of your pond, maintain it on a regular basis and have a clean and beautiful pond. Clean ponds will ensure that your fishes stay healthy. So, take care of them and have an enjoyable time while relaxing by the water and relishing your favorite snack.

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