These Are The Main Types Of Fishing Reels Available On The Market

Types of fishing reels

Whether you are an experienced angler or just starting out fishing, you should know the different types of fishing reels and realize how you can use them while fishing.

You can find lots of different classifications of fishing reels. In fact, there are two main types of fishing reels available on the market. They are baitcasting reels and spinning reels. Other reels are similar to these two types but have different designs. If you come to a large outdoors store with the fishing section, you may be confused because of hundreds of different fishing reels.

So how to make a decision and choose the best fishing reel? Consider all pros and cons of the reel and purposes for which you will use it.

Here is the information you need to know about the different types of fishing reels.

Baitcasting reels

Baitcasting reel

Baitcasting reels are very complex mechanisms. Some of them have a huge “menu”. It consists of numerous control systems with an automatic brake, reverse braking, automatic winding of the line and so on, up to the computer built into the reel.

Baitcasting reels are quite expensive.

The spool of the baitcaster is fixed on the axis. The axis rotates on bearings (for different models the number and types of bearings are different), and the spool also rotates with it. The axis and the handle are connected by a gear system with a gear ratio, usually not exceeding the limits of 3 to 7. The gear ratio is the numerical ratio between the number of turns of the handle and the number of turns of the spool. It is usually indicated on the body of the reel. For example, a gear ratio 6.4-1, which means with one turn of the handle, the spool will make 6.4 turns. Thus, the gear ratio of this reel is 6.4.

An important element of the baitcasting is the frictional brake, which makes it possible to avoid line twists during casting. When purchasing a baitcaster, it is important to learn how to use it correctly. In particular, you should carefully study the ways of adjusting the brake. You need to adjust it for each specific casting weight.

What are the pros and cons of baitcasting reels?

Pros and cons of baitcasting reels

Some models of baitcasting reels have one small drawback – it’s a small winding diameter of a spool. You should remember this when choosing a reel. Choose it based on your conditions and methods of fishing.

A baitcasting reel is reliable and powerful. It allows you to catch even large and extra large marine fish. You can use it on almost all tackles where reliability, power, and quality are needed.

Like any fishing reel, the baitcaster has its pros and cons.


  • Accurate when casting;
  • Great for heavy lines and lures.


  • Quite expensive;
  • Doesn’t work well with light lures;
  • Rather difficult to cast, so you will need time to master it.

Spinning reels

Spinning reel

Spinning reels are universal and therefore the most common type of reels. They are designed in such a way that the line is thrown off without any resistance and as a result, the maximum casting is obtained. Such reels are rather complicated and you need to take care of them constantly and periodically lubricate (1-2 times per season).

What are the main parts of the spinning reel?

The main part, thanks to which such casts are possible, is the spool. This is a cylindrical piece, on the axis of which a fishing line is wound.

Dimensions of the spool and its capacity depend on the dimensions of the reel. You should take it into account when choosing a reel for a certain type of fishing. Of course, the diameter of the fishing line is also important (the bigger it is, the less the lines can be wound on the spool). For comfortable fishing, it is necessary to wind at least 100 m of fishing line. First of all, this is necessary so that when fighting a large fish you have a reserve for playing. You should also note that it allows you to cast some heavy lures for a long distance. Do not forget that the length of the line will constantly decrease due to binding and cutting of the knots.

The length of lines to be wound on this spool must be marked on it. It will look like as follows: 0.1-250; 0.15-200; 0.2-130, etc. The first is the diameter of the line and then the length of the line.

The second important part of the spinning reel is a friction brake. This is a regulated brake, which determines the tightness at which the spool will smoothly lower the fishing line when the line guide is closed. On different reels, you can see it on top of the spool (front), or at the back of the reel (rear). Nowadays, most manufacturers put it in front.

The friction brake is very important for playing a large fish. If properly configured, it will extinguish its jerks and will not allow the line to tear, even if the weight of the fish greatly exceeds the fishing line test. It is ideal to adjust the friction in such a way that the fishing line is unwound from the spool with the tension of 2/3 of the strength of the line.

What are the pros and cons of spinning reels?

Pros and cons of spinning reels

When casting, the fishing line flies with its rings without any resistance. A line guide keeps the fishing line on the spool so that it does not fall off. It consists of a bail arm and a bail wire. Unlike baitcasters, the technique of casting bait using this reel does not require special skill and even novice anglers can cast without a problem.

Like baitcasters, spinning reels have the gear ratio of their mechanism:

  • Slow-moving and quite powerful spinning reels with a gear ratio from 3.2:1 to 4.2:1. They are used for large fish with bottom gear.
  • Universal spinning reels of an average power with a gear ratio from 4.3:1 to 6.2:1. They are good for most methods of fishing.
  • High-speed reels. Gear ratio from 6.3:1 to 7.2:1. These reels have a high rotor speed but are not as powerful as the previous versions. They allow you to quickly wind a lot of fishing line on the spool. Reels with this gear ratio are good for fishing not large fish.


  • Very versatile and easy to use;
  • No backlash;
  • Great for light lines and lures.


  • No backlash, but line twist is possible;
  • Not very effective with heavy lures.


You should realize that it’s not enough to buy a good fishing reel. It needs regular maintenance and if you want it to serve you for a long time, you need to treat it carefully. Try to protect it from dust, sand, and water as this can worsen the working qualities of the lubricants used. Try to wipe it and lubricate the roller of the line guide, the gears and the roller runner after each fishing. Take care of your fishing reel and it will last you a long time giving a lot of joyful moments on fishing.

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